Tag Archives: Inanda
January 22, 2014

Woza eNanda Walking Trail – update 3

After the Festive Season break, the planning meetings for the Woza eNanda Walking Trail resumed on 20/1/14 at the INK ABM Offices in KwaMashu.

Gary Cullen from Durban Green Corridor welcomed everyone and briefly summarized the purpose of the initiate and the status quo of the planning.  While the walking trail directly links with the Woza eNanda Heritage Route, the key idea is to provide more options for visitors to interact with the community and the latter to benefit economically from such visits. Mostly the walking trail is meant to attract tourists, local visitors, and especially young people, who are not in a group or with a tour operator, but who would like to have a township experience, participate in social events (e.g. involving music, soccer, taverns) or simply walk ‘off the beaten track’.

The main focus of this meeting was the clean-up operations and addressing environmental problems. Mostly this refers to litter removal and alien invasive clearing, but also includes attending to water leakages, sewage and effluence problems and rehabilitation. It was agreed that these issues should be tackled on a ward basis, notably wards 54, 55 and 57. The respective ward councillors will be informed and a presentation will be arranged at the INK Councillors Forum.  Lindelani Zuke, who is the newly appointed horticulturalist at Durban Green Corridor, will be the coordinator for the environmental team. The first priority is to take GPS readings and map problem areas more precisely.

The management of the waste collection skips will be taken up with DSW, but it is also important to engage with the local co-ops in the area to ensure that residents are indeed placing their rubbish into the skips, rather than piling it up around it. The community must play a key role in deciding how to take the clean-up forward. The ward councillors might call a community meeting to this effect. DSW can supply bags, gloves, a few tools and will arrange a date of collection.  These efforts can extend or link in with existing programmes such as ‘Adopt a Spot’, etc.

Sihlanzimvelo is currently involved in litter removal, alien clearing and rehabilitation along the streams, but only for 3 metres on each side. Areas where infestation extends much further must be identified and attended to independently.  Experience shows that once an area has been cleared, people immediately start planting vegetables there. Consultation with the community must occur; while the project can facilitate community gardening, this must occur in a planned and organized manner.

The area around the sports field (ward 55 only) was selected as a key focal point of intervention, from where the cleaning effort will radiate out. This area has a lot of potential, as it engages many residents through play and sports facilities; the pond can be turned into an attractive wetland and recreational resource. This cleaned up area can be a showcase for the entire project and an information board could be set up there.

Angela Baker (not present at this meeting) is working on a project with City Architects in preparation for the international Architecture conference in August. It is called ‘Pocket parks’ and involves art installations and other interventions in selected areas. One of these areas is near the Gandhi Settlement and this initiative, while proceeding independently, should be coordinated with the walking trail project, especially the development of a shorter loop trail around the Gandhi Settlement.

While  Lindelani’s team focuses on the clean-up, the second team, coordinated by Sabine, carries on with content development. Both work-streams must link with the schools and engage with teachers to involve them in the clean-up and help design the trail to suit their educational needs.

The following persons were present at the meeting: Gary Cullen – DGC, Alina Fleczok-DGC, Mandla Nxumalo-DurbanTourism, Sanele Mvuyane-DGC, Sandile Maphumulo-INK-ABM, Loyiso Ntsalaze –DGC, Sabine Marschall-UKZN, Bart Fokkens-DGC, Wiseman Mhlongo –DGC, Lindelani Zuke –DGC, Nolwandle Zulu –DSW, Siphiwe Cele –INK-ABM, Thuyi Dludla –DSW, Zandile Ngcobo-DGC, Mpume Gumede-CSCM, Christi Cupido –BMK Consultants, Snqobile Nkabinde –BMK Consultants

Compiled by Sabine Marschall 21/1/14

January 17, 2014

Woza eNanda Walking Trail – cultural & social points of interest


Loyiso, Sanele & Mlu

What can one see and experience along the eNanda Walking Trail?

Below are some explanations and opinions provided by Mlu Mthembu, Loyiso Ntsalaze and Sanele Mvuyane from Inanda, but please contribute your own knowledge by leaving a comment or e-mailing us at enandaonline@gmail.com.

Follow these links for more information about plants along the trail or small shops and informal businesses.  For more information about the Woza eNanda Walking Trail trail initiative, check out our regular updates.


Dube family home

Dube family home

Dube family home

John Dube built this home, near the Ohlange Institute, in 1921. It is still occupied today by his only surviving daughter, Lulu Dube.

Follow this link for an interview with Lulu Dube.






Township homes may all look much alike at first sight, but are in fact displaying a great variety of building styles, shapes and materials. They reflect the aspirations and prosperity of the homeowners, but also cultural beliefs. For instance, a round hut on the premises indicates that a traditionalist (non-Christian) lives here; white border stones are used by Shembe believers. Tires on roof tops are believed to protect the home from lightning strikes and people sometimes store other items of top of the roof for protection from thieves. Even the most modest shack may be equipped with a satellite dish.

Listen here for more:

Stones and tires on the roof

Satellite dishes

Round huts

RDP houses

Horns on the wall

Upgrading a home

Fruit and vegetables

People in eNanda grow vegetable in every available spot of land around their home. Most common crops are meali (corn), pumpkin, beans, sweet potato, madumbi, etc. Mealis are especially important as a staple diet. Fruit trees – mango, avocado, bananas, pawpaw, and grapefruit are especially common in the vicinity of the Shembe settlement.

About mealies 

Goats and chicken

Goats and chicken are roaming around everywhere, because they are not only a source of meat, but important for ritual purposes. Goats represent the link with the ancestors and are slaughtered when ceremonies are performed. Among the chicken, only the black and white chicken are sacrificial animals, each for a different purpose. The goat’s horns are displayed above the door or on a pole around the homestead after the ceremony and pieces of skin are worn on people’s wrist.


Black and white chickens


Children’s games

Children in eNanda have few toys, but they can be seen having fun with their own kind of games. Amagenda is a game played with small stones; udonkey is played with tennis balls. Then there is street soccer with very small goals and special rules;  uqithi involves climbing up into a tree and vumvum is a toy made out of string and a pierced flattened bottle-top.

Children’s games

Street soccer


Street names and house numbers

Street names may be taken for granted in the city, but were only introduced in some parts along the trail as late as last year. Previously, homes were simply numbered and now, the old and the new numbering system coexist. Some people proudly decorate the new street number on the wall of their home.


Some interesting snippets

IMG_8151Imbizweni – place of judgement: This old fig tree at the Gandhi Settlement was used as a meeting place for community elders to consult and pass judgement.






IMG_8006 Shoes hanging from the overhead lines once referred to drugs being sold around here, remember Loyiso, Mlu and  Sanele, but this meaning has changed today …








IMG_8077Piles of wood stored next to a house indicate that the family is preparing for a ritual.







IMG_8052 Wrecks or old cars are found at various homesteads.  They might be keepsakes in memory of their owner …






IMG_8119 Preparing skins for clothing and ritual purposes is a highly developed skill…







IMG_8175 At this inconspicuous homestead, not far from the Gandhi Settlement, traditional Infene dance performances take place at the weekend at the end of each month.






Dead trees could be an indication of witchcraft, as a neighbour may have sent lighting.

House music is very popular and may be heard coming out of various homes.



There are many NGOs in the area and some of them could be potentially be visited with prior arrangements. More information about them will follow shortly.




This is a GPS capture of the routes we took from Ohlange to Phoenix and back, mapped onto Google Earth.

track 1





Compiled by Sabine Marschall 17/1/14

November 26, 2013

Woza eNanda Walking Trail – update (2)

On 22 November, the task team for the development of the Woza eNanda Walking Trail met at Phoenix Settlement to evaluate the experience of the exploratory walk between Ohlange and Phoenix the previous week.  Participants shared their positive impressions, but also highlighted some challenges, notably sewerage, litter, and alien invasion. During the course of the week, a team from BMK Engineering has been involved in alien vegetation clearing; this currently covers only a 3 metre strip from the edge of the stream, but must be extended. Litter and raw sewerage are major problems; service infrastructure must be improved and community education intensified.  A preliminary map has been produced in which problem areas of attention are marked (to view the map, click here: 20130912_woza eNanda Trail 1-7500).
On Monday, a team from Durban Green Corridor had conducted more detailed explorations around Ohlange. Various specific problems were noted and points of interest identified. These include a braai area, tuck shops, and an NGO specializing in feeding children (Rise and Shine), whose founder is also a traditional healer. A similar detailed exploration must now take place around Phoenix. Two loop walks around these core heritage site anchors are then to be linked by a circular route to create a varied network of trails. An audit of attraction points, shops and potential service providers will be conducted.
Durban Solid Waste is very positive about this project; they are aware of current problems and committed to assist with the clean-up operation, but various other municipal departments must also be engaged: Parks; Roads & Stormwater; Safer Cities; Business Support; Electricity; the local ward councillor; as well as SAPS. Once a route has been finalized, a team of representatives from these departments should walk the trail and take note of their respective areas of responsibility. Durban Tourism must be specifically engaged to establish lines of responsibility with respect to the development and marketing of the trail for tourists. In terms of community awareness, Inanda FM will be asked to feature the trail project. Through learners at schools, a snowball system of communication with the wider community will be set in motion and learners must play a role in setting an example and inspiring others to keep the trail clean and safe. In terms of attractions, some specific suggestions included getting a Rastafarian band to perform on a regular basis at S’bu’s tavern to create a local entertainment resource that will over time also attract visitors from the outside.  Everyone agreed once again on the importance of community participation, creating a sense of ownership and developing the trail as a valuable resource for the community itself.
In the next two weeks, the chair will facilitate interdepartmental engagement; exploration around Phoenix will take place and selected clean-up efforts will get underway.
The next meeting will be on Wednesday 4 December at Phoenix Settlement: 10am. NB: This meeting has been postponed to 20 January 2014.

Present at the meeting: From Durban Green Corridor (DGC): Gary Cullen (chair), Mathabo; Alina; from BMK Engineering Consultants: Christy Cupido ; Sinqobile Nkabinde, Thokoza Mthembu; Durban Solid Waste: Sandile Myende; City Architects: Angela Baker; Inanda Seminary: Scott Couper; Inanda Community Tourism Board: Baphulile Bhengu; Member of community: Sanele Mvuyane; Mandla Kayise Primary School:  Fikile Zondi; Inanda Comprehensive School: Lungile Ntuli; INK Tourism: Zwakele Khumalo; Durban Tourism: Brenda Phakathi;  Ohlange Heritage site: Mandla Nxumalo; Phoenix Settlement: Bongani Mthembu; University of KwaZulu-Natal & eNanda Online: Sabine Marschall

Sabine Marschall 26/11/13

20130912_woza eNanda Trail 1-7500



November 15, 2013

Memories of Inanda – Florence Fikile Luvuno

Mrs Florence Fikile Luvuno has been living in Inanda since the 1950s. She was interviewed by Mbali Ncanana with the assistance of Nkanyiso Dlamini on 2 October 2013.

Mrs Luvuno is one of the very few elderly women who still resides in the community and has been living in Inanda since the 1950’s.In the interview she speaks of the type of challenging conditions they were living under, from the times of the apartheid government, up until the year 2004, which was the period in which Inanda finally became a conflict free zone.

In the beginning of the interview, Mrs Luvuno talks about the kind of environment and relationships that the Indian and the black community had while living together in Inanda, prior to the conflicts. She shares of her own personal difficulties that she was faced with, while these conflicts were at an up roar. She also speaks of how the political conflicts affected her personally and her surrounding neighbors and the sacrifices she made in order to protect her family. There is also an interesting mention of some people who played heroic roles to assist the community, including John Dube’s wife, Lulu Dube.

Mrs Luvuno has a very sharp memory because she even remembers the dates at which these incidents occurred and the names of the people who were implicated. This whole experience was greatly humbling, it makes one realize the great power of memory and the importance of safeguarding oral history and how we as a current generation take it for granted.

Summary by Mbali Ncanana.

Check out the full transcript and sound recording on the Zulu page.





November 15, 2013

Bernard Mbambo – Interview with Beauty Mbambo

Interview by Xolani Magwaza with  Beauty Mbambo on the 17th of January 2013.

An ordinary family man residing at eMatabetuli, a community located within Inanda Township. Bernard’s father was a soldier, when he passed away (year not known), he left his military service money and it  was given to his son Bernard.

At the time that Bernard was handed the money, by the state, he was still working for an agricultural company known as (AUCI). When he got this money, he asked his employees for advice on how to use the money as it was a lot of money at that time (amount not given). Bernard’s employees asked him what is a necessity in his village / community and he told his employees that there is a huge transportation problem at Inanda. AUCI then advised and helped Bernard on starting a bus company.

Bernard realised that  he was not going to be able to run the bus company on his own but he needed some help from other  passionate leaders like him. Fortunately he was surrounded by hard workers such as; “Double-man” Magwaza and Mr Mdima. All three of them started the first black-owned bus company in iNanda called “Ukuthuthuka KwamaQadi” which in English translates as “The Develoment of the Qadi Nation”.

The Qadi’s are a Zulu nation under the leadership of the Ngcobos whose lineage comes all the way from Zululand. The Qadis fled from Zululand after the coup of King Shaka by his half-brother Dingaan. For King Dingaan to feel safe in his thrown he has to get rid of King Shaka’s allies and unfortunately the Qadi’s were close to King Shaka. The Qadis fled from the heart of Zululand and crossed the Tugela river to find refuge or settle at iNdwedwe. The Qadi homestead is now at uMzinyathi (eNanda) under the chieftaincy of  chief Mqoqi Ngcobo.

Around the late 1980’s/ 1990s a fatal bus accident occurred at Inanda right by Kwa-Seme (next to Pixle’s family land). An Indian bus with African passengers lost control and killed a lot of people. This tragedy became an opportunity for people like Bernard, Double-man and Mdima to expand their bus company as people complained about the Indian buses and their negligence towards safety of passengers. Around this time, after such traged, the Indian buses stopped operating at Inanda. This resulted in a growth in black-owned  bus businesses,  as people like; Rogers “Bro” Ngcobo and Chief Gwala of eMaphephetheni bought their own buses too. Rogers  company was called uMbuso WamaQadi (Reign of the Qadis) while chief Gwala’s company was called uKukhanya KwaMaphephethwa (Light of the Phephethwa or Gwala nation).

Bernad Mbambo’s  hardwork to make sure that he provided transport for his people inspired a lot of black people to be business-men amd women. Bernard was not just a bus company owner but also a farmer. The skills that he sought form AUCI helped him and the community very much as he bought the tractor and he started cultivating land, ploughing products such as beans and amadumbe “yams” and sold them for the local people and people who were selling in town in a market called eMatsheni .Bernard also taught people how to plough, what types of food can be ploughed, at what soil and at what time.  Bernard was also a farmer as he had a lot of cows, goats, chickens and donkeys.

Bernard as a person, was a people’s person but quite and strict at home. He was a good father to his children, he provided for the family. His best friend was his bus company co-owner Double-men Magwaza. They both loved game hunting. They used to hunt at Matebetuli. He loved playing a game called “mulabalaba”. Sometimes Bernard used to let some of the passengers ride the bus for free or on credit if they didn’t have money.  When  one of his drivers passes away, Bernard would make sure that the children’s education is taken care of.  Bernard Mbambo passed away about two decades ago; however his legacy at the history and development of Inanda and African entrepreneurship will never be forgotten.


November 14, 2013

Ayanda Ngcobo on Inanda FM

Ayanda Ngcobo talks about eNanda Online’s most recent posts in an interview on Inanda FM.
14 November 2013.

November 6, 2013

Making Zulu shields – Thembinkosi Nelson Mthembu

Mr Thembinkosi Nelson Mthembu in Inanda (Newtown A) makes Zulu shields and other objects from animal skin. He was interviewed by Nkanyiso Dlamini on 16 October 2013.

Brief summary by Nkanyiso Dlamini. Find th full transcript on the Zulu page.

The first question is about one of the most widely recognizable objects or artifact that can be easily identified with the Zulu tradition which is a Shield (commonly known as ihawu in isiZulu language). Mr. Mthembu is asked to explain the process behind creating a shield which was originally made for protection for war men in historical Zulu nation. He firstly points out the fact that the creation of all Zulu artifacts has not changed much since back in the days, for example to create a shield he still needs fresh animal skin that is recently just been taken off a particular animal in this situation a cow’s skin, and this has been the tradition from his great grandparents back in times of King Shaka Zulu. The process involves, firstly thoroughly washing the cow’s skin with bar soap, and a lot of water, and then they straighten the skin and leave out in the sun to dry out for a few days

As the interview progresses Mr. Mthembu is asked whether the process of creating a big shield is the same for smaller version of shields, and he states that the process is the same for all sizes. The sizes where always different even in historical times just like today, the difference lies in that back in those days the larger harder ones where the ones used by men who were preparing for war. Now smaller ones created for children and sometimes depending on the situation women when doing their traditional isiZulu dances.

Other animals skin which are used in creating these Zulu attires are all other types of Dear such as Springboks, Kudu’s, and Gemsboks depending on whichever one gets hunted at the time.

More questions are asked to Mr. Mthembu about other objects that are native to the isiZulu culture such as objects that are sandals which are made from old car tyres and copping boards (isithebe). Knob kerrie which it (isagila) Zulu and the spears.

Thembinkosi Nelson Mthembu with Nkanyiso Dlamini